ARHEOLOŠKI VESTNIK (ACTA ARCHAEOLOGICA)
Inštitut za arheologijo ZRC SAZU
ARHEOLOŠKI VESTNIK 52, 2001
Alexander KOLOBOV, Andrej MELNITCHUK in Nadezhda KULYABINA:
The Roman millitary phalera from the Perm Urals
A chalcedony disc with the image of a child's face was discovered during the excavations at the Mokino cemetery (Western Urals, Perm region, Russia) dated to the Iron Age. It was found in the context of warrior burial with traces of nomadic (Sarmatian) influence.
The disc seems to be a Roman military phalera used during the Early Principate. Disputing that this was a "Cupid" type, the authors propose that the elder brother of the Emperor Caligula was depicted on this phalera. About 30 medals of this kind can be found in European museums. Later the phalera was used as a pommel on a sword (or dagger) handle by a Sarmatian warrior.
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