Inštitut za arheologijo  ZRC SAZU



Hügelgräber und Herrschaftsbereiche im Ostalpenraum
(Tumuli and the control of space in the Eastern Alpine Region)


The Early Iron Age was connected with an economical boom within the eastern alpine area, which was based on the exploitation of various raw materials (iron and salt, probably lead and gold too). In the near of hill-settlements there have been erected tumuli of small (dm. up to m 9/10), middle (dm. up to m 15/20) and extraordinary dimension (dm. about m 40) for deceased people with a certain social rank. Their mixture, their arrangement in groups and their number draw out in a first step types of tumuli-cemeteries, which demonstrate at the same time the quality of the connected hill-settlements as settlements of masters, of commanders of a middle level or of kings (reguli). Further there araise the questions, if the highly dominant kings-settlement on the Burgstallkogel of Kleinklein could have been superseded within the Early Iron Age by Judenburg/Strettweg and later on by Lamprechtskogel/Waisenberg and of which type the political dependence might have been in those times between the areas of southwestern-pannonian and eastern alpine areas. In Carinzia there is furthermore to recognize in the area of Villach as well as Völkermarkt some form of supersession within the local Early Iron Age hill-settlements. Near Kanzianiberg as well as near Lamprechtskogel there have been erected tumuli although during late Hallstatt and early La Tène-Period, near Lamprechtskogel about 500 BC even a kingsize tumulus (Waisenberg).

Keywords: Eastern Alpine Area, Early Iron Age, distribution and arrangement of types of tumuli-cemeteries, tumuli-cemeteries and the control of space

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