Inštitut za arheologijo  ZRC SAZU


Dragan BOŽIČ

Grave 20 in Tumulus IV: Hallstatt-period burial of a woman at Znančeve njive in Novo mesto


The contribution discusses the burial of a woman (Grave 20) in Tumulus IV at the Znančeve njive cemetery in Novo mesto, SE Slovenia. It was excavated in 1968 and found to contain a pair of simple gold wire earrings, a necklace of amber beads, fragments of glass beads, two decorated hollow spiral bracelets of thick sheet bronze, two ribbed bronze anklets and three embossed kernoi.

Most of the goods are of types that only rarely occur in the graves of the Dolenjska Hallstatt group: the earrings have only few close parallels of bronze, large sub-spherical amber beads are rare, as are ceramic kernoi, while hollow bracelets of thick sheet bronze are only slightly more numerous. The grave also stands apart in that the goods are of different, in some cases considerably different dates.

This is also the main cause for the varying dating of the burial. The deceased woman was indeed buried with earrings and bracelets dating to the Stična 2 phase, but they are believed to represent heirlooms and it is the amber necklace and embossed kernoi that suggest the date of the interment in the Certosa Fibulae phase.

The contribution also presents several grave groups with goods characteristic of two successive phases. The author sees these burials as evidence of a period of transition, during which new forms gradually replaced the old ones. He also calls attention to embossed ware that was popular in the Certosa and Negova phases.

Keywords: Slovenia, Novo mesto – Znančeve njive, Early Iron Age, tumuli, ring jewellery, kernoi, embossed ware, heirlooms, transitional periods

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